Imfolozi Mpila History

Hluhluwe Imfolozi Park

Mpila Umfolozi map

iMfolozi Park lies in the heart of the Zulu Kingdom, where ancient trails lead through the thornveld and along the mighty rivers of Africa’s oldest established wilderness area.

Once the exclusive royal hunting ground of King Shaka, (where the first conservation laws were put in place), this rich tapestry of natural and cultural history still beats with the rhythms of Africa.

Hluhluwe and iMfolozi Game Reserves were formally established as game reserves in 1895 and today, along with the Corridor Reserve proclaimed in 1989,

Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park covers some 96 000 ha and contains an immense diversity of fauna and flora.

The iMfolozi section in the south is characterised by wide open spaces and is a natural treasure store of fascinating fauna and flora. Species include the “Big Five”-

buffalo and
rhino (black and white),
as well as blue wildebeest,

Allso these amazing creachers

wild dog,
hyena and many others. Over 300 bird species have been recorded here.

hluhluwe accommodation mpila

  • Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park is famous for “Operation Rhino” that saved the white rhino from extinction.
  • Since the start of “Operation Rhino” in the 1960s, over 10 000 rhino have been translocated world-wide.
  • Our dedicated game capture team now moves 5 000 - 6 000 animals per year, including antelope, black and white rhino, zebra, hippo and giraffe.
  • This has resulted in major contributions to South Africa’s wildlife industry.
  • The history of game capture and present day techniques are illustrated through videos and static displays in the exhibition halls.
  • The Centenary Centre is situated in the iMfolozi section, is open to the public to view rhino and antelope, (when animals are available) in their bomas and are ready for viewing.
  • Curios are sold by the local communities at the Vulamehlo Craft Market.

Other areas of focus for which Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park is famed, include wilderness trails which originated in iMfolozi in the 1950s and today continue to attract tourists from all over the world. In this area the first true wilderness trails in the country were initiated.

Renowned for its rich and diverse wildlife, the park teems with a wide variety of fascinating fauna and flora including elephant, rhino, buffalo, lion, leopard, blue wildebeest, giraffe, cheetah, hyena, and warthog and over 300 bird species.

Apart from game-viewing drives, there are self-guided auto trails which provide information on both the management and natural history of the reserve. Guided walks are also available, particularly rewarding in the early morning and late afternoon.

game capture 3

The first officers to permanently take charge of these areas were F. Vaughn Kirby (1911), Eddie Lightening (1927) and Captain H.B. Potter (1929).

“Operation Rhino” in the 1950s won the Park world recognition for its white rhino conservation and its specialist Game Capture unit.

The Centenary Game Capture Centre pays tribute to the world breaking initiatives in Game Capture that ultimately saved the white rhino from extinction, through the medium of film shows, an excellent museum and a magnificent curio centre.

Much of the history of the Hluhluwe-iMfolozi Park is centred around the anti-nagana campaign, which was waged for over 30 years against the disease carrying Tsetse fly. Between 1919 and the early 1950s, tens of thousands of wild animals were shot in a futile attempt to control the fly, only rhino were spared. The famous Harris fly trap was extensively used in that time. It was only in 1947, after an intensive campaign of spraying with DDT and BHC, that the Tsetse fly was exterminated.

During the 1960s a number of species were successfully reintroduced into iMfolozi. These included lion, cheetah and giraffe. Elephant, wild dog and yellow-billed oxpecker were introduced during the 1980s. It is 36 kilometers by car on the tarred P700 road to the Cengeni Gate of the Imfolozi section of the park which offers excellent game viewing.


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